Ranking dangerous sections of the road using MCDM model
Traffic accidents are a great concern in traffic safety since they unexpectedly and sometimes unavoidably cause fatal and non-fatal injuries, or material damage. The causes of traffic accidents can vary, but they can always be linked to one of the four basic factors: human, vehicle, road and environment. However, there are some places where traffic accidents happen more frequently than in some other places. The decision-making process about dangerous sections of road using the Multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) model involves the definition of quantitative and qualitative traffic safety criteria. The model used in the paper consists of five quantitative and two qualitative traffic safety criteria. Based on those criteria the ranking of the prospected sections will be carried out. By analyzing the total number of traffic accidents, by their categories, analyzing the current state of the traffic infrastructure and Annual average daily traffic (AADT), seven traffic safety criteria are defined, which in the first phase of model, will be rated and ranked by their importance. By using the Full Consistency Method (FUCOM), weighted coefficients of the defined criteria will be determined, after what ranking dangerous road sections using Weighted aggregate sum product assessment method (WASPAS) is done. The obtained results show which of the offered alternatives is best ranked, that actually shows which section of the road is the safest one.
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