Gender and age structure as risk factors of carotid artery stenosis and specific themes areas of cartography

  • Ljubiša Preradović University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Vlado Đajić University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Medicine, Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Gordana Jakovljević University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Architecture, Civil Engineering and Geodesy, Bosnia and Herzegovina
Keywords: Carotid artery; GIS; Mapping; Prevention; Risk factors

Abstract

The project on the prevention of a stroke was implemented in the period between 2012 –2017in the Republic of Srpska,  when 38,863 patients of both genders were examined. Each of the patients underwent ultrasound examination of blood vessels of the neck on both sides. All the examinations are standardized and carried out by specially trained researchers. Presentation of the The project on the prevention of a stroke was implemented in the period between 2012 –2017in the Republic of Srpska,  when 38,863 patients of both genders were examined. Each of the patients underwent ultrasound examination of blood vessels of the neck on both sides. All the examinations are standardized and carried out by specially trained researchers. Presentation of the results of research included descriptive statistics and a certain statistical test, which showed that there is a statistically significant difference in carotid artery stenosis in male and female patients. Geographic Information System was used for mapping the carotid artery stenosis with the aim of determining the susceptibility of the population of a particular area, city and/or municipality to this disease and predicting it. Epidemiological patterns that have been created show the connection between age structure and particular area.results of research included descriptive statistics and a certain statistical test, which showed that there is a statistically significant difference in carotid artery stenosis in male and female patients. Geographic Information System was used for mapping the carotid artery stenosis with the aim of determining the susceptibility of the population of a particular area, city and/or municipality to this disease and predicting it. Epidemiological patterns that have been created show the connection between age structure and particular area.

References

Primatesta, P., Allender, S., Ciccarelli, P., Doring, A., Graff-Iversen, S., Holub, J., Panico, S., Trichopoulou, A. & Verschuren, W.M. (2007). Cardiovascular surveys: manual of operations. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention & Rehabilitation, 14, 53–61.

Thom, T., Haase, N., Rosamond, W., Howard, V.J., Rumsfeld, J., Manolio, T., Zheng, Z.J., Flegal, K., O'Donnell, C., Kittner, S., Lloyd-Jones, D. Jr Goff, D.C., Hong, Y., Adams, R., Friday, G., Furie, K., Gorelick, P., Kissela, B., Marler, J., Meigs, J., Roger, V.,
Sidney, S., Sorlie, P., Steinberger, J., Wasserthiel-Smoller, S., Wilson, M. & Wolf, P. (2006). Heart disease and stroke statistics–2006 update: a report from the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Circulation, 113, 85–151.

Autret, A., Pourcelot, L., Saudeau, D., Marchal, C., Bertrand, P. & de Boisvilliers, S. (1987). Stroke risk in patients with carotid stenosis. Lancet. 1, 888–890.

Inzitari,D., Eliasziw, M., Gates, P., Sharpe, B.L., Chan, R.K., Meldrum, H.E. & Barnett, H.J. (2000). The causes and risk of stroke in patients with asymptomatic internal-carotid-artery stenosis. North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial Collaborators. The New England Journal of Medicine, 342, 1693–1700.

Hennerici, M., Hulsbomer, H.B., Hefter, H., Lammerts, D. & Rautenberg, W. (1987). Natural history of asymptomatic extracranial arterial disease: results of a long-term prospective study. Brain, 110, 777–791.

Norris, J.W., Zhu, C.Z., Bornstein, N.M. & Chambers, B.R. (1991). Vascular risks of asymptomatic carotid stenosis. Stroke, 22, 1485–1490.

O'Holleran, L.W., Kennelly, M.M., McClurken, M. & Johnson J.M. (1987). Natural history of asymptomatic carotid plaque: five year follow-up study. The American Journal of Surgery, 154, 659–662.

Đajić, V., Miljković, S., Preradović, Lj., Vujković, Z. & Račić, D. (2015). Uticaj životnog doba i pola na karotidnu asimptomatsku bolest, Scripta medica, 46, 42-47.

Popis BiH. (2013) http://www.popis.gov.ba/popis2013/doc/RezultatiPopisa_SR.pdf (access 17.02.2017)

Rezultati popisa u BiH (2013). http://www.rzs.rs.ba/front/article/2369/ (access 17.02.2017)

Grobusch, M., Grillet, M., Tami, A. (2016). Applying geographical information systems (GIS) to arboviral disease surveillance and control: A powerful tool. Travel Medic and Infectious Disease, 14, 9-10.

Garb, J. Ganai, S., Skinner, R., Boyd, C. & Wait, R. (2007). Using GIS for spatial analysis of rectal lesions in the human body. International Journal of Health Geographics, 6, 6-11.

Mullner, R., Chung, K., Croke, K. & Mensah, E. (2004). Geographic Information System in Public Health and Medicine. Journal of Medical Systems, 28 (3), 215-221.

Melnick, A.L. & Flemming, D.W. (1999). Modern geographic information systems - Promise and pitfalls. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice, 5 (2), 8-22.

Preradović, Lj., Jakovljević, G. & Perišić, M. (2017). Creating epidemiological patterns of connection between risk factors and particular. Proceedings of ICMNEE 2017, Regional Association for Security and crisis management and European centre for operational research, 1, 230-241.
Published
2018-10-15